Flooring 101: Options for Your Home

April 29, 2016

Choosing flooring materials for your home is an important task, as you typically want whatever you choose to be long lasting. It's important to consider both the quality and durability of the material, as well as its aesthetic in your home. It is often said that if you were to remove everything from a room, the flooring on its own should still be visually appealing. Here are some flooring options you can choose from.

For more general information about how to decide on flooring, see our previous blog post: Our Guide to Choosing Flooring Materials

148136d251c7db572237d56a0e1ce366.jpgImage via Design*Sponge

Hard Floor Materials

Hard flooring materials include concrete, stone, and tile and they have several advantages. Generally, hard flooring materials are durable, do not absorb substances, are timeless in appearance, are versatile (can be formal or informal, and decorative or structural).


Granite: a hard crystalline rock with small amounts of quartz and other minerals. Colors vary from light to dark and no two pieces are alike.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Cost: High up front, but low in the long term

Marble: a granular or crystalline stone, often with streaks. It can be white or colored. It is one of the hardest stones you can choose from.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Cost: High

Ceramic Tile: Hard-shaped clay from the ground, and then set before firing. It's described as thick, fragile, and rustic and is sometimes decorated and glazed.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Cost: Low to High, depending on installation costs

Resilient Floor Materials

Resilient flooring materials have flexibility. These may include cork, leather, rubber, and most vinyls. Some benefits include low initial cost when compared to harder materials, a quieter environment (because they absorb sound), and they are easier on the body for standing.


Cork: It's the outer layer of cork of the cork tree (from the Mediterranean region). It is light in color, insulative, and sound absorbent.

  • Maintentance: Medium (tend to show dust and footprints easily)
  • Cost: Moderate to High

Vinyl: Short for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is a plastic solution that hardens to a solid material. 

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Cost: Low to High

Soft Floor Coverings

Soft floor coverings include carpeting. Wall-to-wall carpeting has become commonplace in interior design, and has several benefits including a wide selection of colors and textures, a soft and comfortable surface, and a sound absorbent surface.

Carpeting: Options include wool, nylon, olefin/polypropylene, polyester, and acrylic. There are also several types of carpet textures including cut-pile, plush, frieze, and shag. 

  • Maintenance: Moderate
  • Cost: Low to High, depending on the material you choose

If you live in the Northern Virginia area and you’re interested in a free estimate, or would like to know how Lensis Builders, Inc. can make your home even better, give us a call at 703-367-8999 or fill out a short contact form. If you’re looking for inspiration for your next project, visit our Pinterest page.  

Remodeling eBook Information